The Art of Fugue
The last canon of AOF is its most complex. Bach calls it Canon per augmentationem in contrario motu, and the idea is shown in the figure below.
At top is the leader, an elaborate variant of the AOF theme. Below is the follower, and you’ll see that not only is it the augmentation of the leader (all note values multiplied by 2), but also its inversion (the “contario motu”). And — you guessed it! — like the Canon alla decima and the Canon alla duodecima, Bach plays this canon twice, exploring double counterpoint, once starting a fourth down from the leader, and then again at the octave. The result is an extraordinarily complicated and difficult canon, but one with a sense of timelessness, a lovely conclusion to the AOF canons.